Building A First Aid Kit

Recently we were on a hike and came across a 5 ft copperhead sunbathing on our path. Now obviously this wasn’t the first poisonous snake we’ve crossed on our treks nor will it be our last, but at the time of this particular incident, we didn’t have our first aid kit.

After safely getting around the snake, we started to reflect on what would have happened had one of us gotten bit considering we were quite a few miles away from our vehicle and had limited cell service. We also realized that others, like us, may go hiking or camping unprepared or underprepared for medical emergencies. So, we made a list of everything you need (plus a few extras) to help DIY your first aid kit.


Treating & Cleaning Wounds

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Sterile dressing pads: Helpful for larger cuts or scrapes that can’t be covered by the typical bandage. ($4)

Gauze: To keep the sterile dressing pad in place. ($5)

Adhesive first aid tape: To keep the gauze wrapped up tightly. ($5)

Adhesive bandages: Obviously this one seems like a no-brainer, but it’s important to carry an assortment of various sizes for blisters, small scrapes, and cuts. ($3)

ScissorsFor cutting and resizing any bandages, but these could also be helpful in cutting clothes in emergency situations. ($6)

Antiseptic Towelettes: These are essential when needing to clean a wound before dressing. ($2.50)

Antibiotic ointment: In order to help a wound heal and provide minor pain relief. ($5)

Irrigation syringe: To help clean out wounds. ($3)

Quikclot Sponge: An antihemorrhagic/hemostatic agent that helps promote clotting and prevent bleeding. A little more effective for more profound bleeds than basic gauze. ($16)

SAM SplintShould someone, unfortunately, sprain, break, or fracture a bone this will do the trick in order to help that person seek proper medical attention. It can easily be cut or molded to fit any bone on the human body. ($10)


Over-the-Counter Medications

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Ibuprofen* (Advil): Fast-acting relief of minor pain, inflammation, and fever.

Aspirin: Blood thinner and NSAID – helps reduce pain, inflammation, and fever.

Loratadine* (Claritin):  A non-drowsy option for seasonal allergies.

Diphenhydramine* (Benadryl): For acute allergic reactions.

Loperamide* (Imodium): anti-diarrheal (who wants to deal with that on a trip? Yeah.. not us either!)

Tums: Antacids for heartburn relief and soothing stomach aches.

Dramamine: An antiemetic (aids against vomiting and nausea) or used commonly for motion-sickness.

Hydrocortizone Cream: A steroid cream that helps alleviate inflammation and itchy rashes.

Biofreeze: Helps alleviate muscle soreness after a day of hiking.
You can also purchase small ziplock bags for space saving here.


Eye Essentials

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Of course with me being an Optometry student I had to write a section about your ocular health on an adventure, hard to enjoy the views without healthy eyes!

Glasses: While this may seem like a no-brainer to those who wear glasses all the time, there is a good majority of people who only wear contact lenses. Having a backup pair of glasses in a sturdy case can be a life saver if you lose your contact lenses, break your full-time spectacles, or heaven forbid get lost for an extended amount of time.

Extra Contact Lenses: Along the side of having a backup pair of glasses, it is always a good idea to bring extra contact lenses while you are traveling. They do occasionally get lost, torn, or need to be replaced on your trip. Always replace your contacts on their proper schedule, because complications can occur like bacterial keratitis, which can cause permanent vision loss. Plus, no one enjoys an interrupted trip by having to make an emergency visit to the optometrist!

Refresh Eye DropsEye drops are great for travel, especially for those who are hiking and outdoors. Dryness and redness can occur due to coming in contact with wind, dirt, or other allergens in the air. Refresh are a great choice and can provide comfort throughout your day. ($10-18)

Travel Tip: Avoid taking too much (or really any) Visine to cure any redness on your trip. Overuse of Visine can cause rebound redness which may make you more uncomfortable than when you started!

Contact Solution and Case: For anyone wearing contact lenses, don’t forget to bring solution and a case!

Travel Tip: Next time you visit your optometrist, ask for a new contact lens solution sample! These smaller bottles are great to keep in your kit and don’t take up much space.

Sunglasses: I always take my Costa sunglasses with me when we travel. Not only is it more comfortable on sunny days, these polarized lenses are awesome for fishing and kayaking! Always check and make sure your lenses have UVA and UVB protection, which can be found even on reasonably priced frames.


Tools

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Tweezers: Remove splinters and debris from cuts/scrapes.

Alcohol Swabs: Used to sterilize tools and wounds.

Tick Twister: This is pretty self-explanatory but this is a handy way to easily remove ticks of all sizes ($6)

Fixed blade knife: A fixed blade, better known as full tang, is vital for any emergency kit of any kind. A strong full tang knife won’t collapse like a folding knife, which can result in further harm. Full tang knives are great for survival needs such as digging or cutting small branches and are great for your first aid kit to cut bandages, or trim a splint.
We prefer the SOG Seal Pup ($37) due to its lifetime warranty, GRN diamond pattern handle, and durability.

Zip Ties: Good multiple uses in an emergency.

Headlamp: Whether it be camping, hiking, spelunking, or finding your way around in the dark, whatever the reason a headlamp is a must.
We prefer the Black Diamond Storm because it has many great capabilities:

Black Diamond Storm (1) (older version $38.95)
-Light Output: high 160 lumens, low: 4 lumens
-Bulbs: High-output LED, 2 LEDs, 2 red LEDs
-Beam Type: Flood/Spot
-Max Beam Distance: 70 meters
-Strobes: 3
-Batteries: 4 AAA
-Average Run Time: high: 36, low: 200 hours
-Red light mode
-Regulated output

Black Diamond Storm (2) (newer version $49.95)
-Light Output: high: 250 lumens, low: 60 lumens
-Bulbs: 2 white LED, 1 red LED, 1 green LED
-Beam Type: Flood/Spot
-Max Beam Distance: 80 meters
-Strobes: 3
-Batteries: 4 AAA
-Average Run Time: high: 60, low: 150 hours
-Red light mode
-Regulated output

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Black Diamond headlamp range


Fire Starting

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BIC Lighter: BIC has always made a cost friendly, reliable lighter that is easy to pack and carry. ($6/3pk)

Flint (Fire Starter): While it is easier to just pack and use a lighter or matches, a flint is handy in case a lighter is faulty. ($7.50)

Waterproof matches: These matches will light even in some of the harshest windy and rainy conditions not to mention they can be stored in a watertight tube. ($8)

Waterproof Quick Tinder: To help your fire start more quickly. ($5/10pk)


Communication

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Cell phone: While you may not always have service, it’s always a good idea to carry a cell phone for emergencies.

WhistleNo cell signal? A whistle can be handy for a distress call or to find others when lost ($2)

Extra batteries: If any of your equipment that requires batteries (i.e. headlamps) it is best to carry a few extra sets. (around $4)

Portable power bank: We love our Lumsing ($11) for charging our electronics on the go but this portable power bank can also a lifeline when needing to charge your cell phone or other accessories.

Compass: The original navigation tool, always great to have in an emergency. Familiarize yourself with how to use it, and grab a map before you hit the road as well.

Weather Radio: A portable weather radio is good for keeping updated on potential storms and flash flooding.

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GoTenna: This device pairs with your smartphone via Bluetooth and allows you to communicate by text message and GPS location to others without a cell signal. It also allows you to download maps to any country and use GPS without service. This is a must have for going off the grid. ($149/set of 2)


Other Essentials

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Hand sanitizer: for obvious cleaning reasons of your hands or elsewhere, but also for the use of fire starting and cleaning material.

Storage bag: Of course you’ll need something to store all of these items in we utilize Ziplock bags to easily access each item and put them inside a TravelOn packing cube (size small: 10.5 x 8.5 x 2.5). Storage zip bags are also great for keeping things dry if an unexpected rain storm pops up.


Other Items to Consider

Emergency Blanket: This helps retain body heat in emergency cold conditions and can also help prevent post-accident shock. ($3.95)

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Zippo Hand Warmer: If you’re going to be somewhere cold it wouldn’t hurt to purchase one of these flameless hand warmers, available in a 6 hr or 12 hr option. ($10.25)


Q&A

Does all of this extra gear weigh a lot?

This was one of our main questions so we decided to weigh it all together. We came up with a total weight of 2.5lbs without the glasses, sunglasses, and cell phone. We guess it would be anywhere from 2.5-3lbs with these items.

Does it take up a lot of space?  

We don’t think so! But we are willing to save space for this kit in order to ensure our safety. We are able to fit all of our first aid kit items in a small TravelOn packing cube (dimensions: 10.5 x 8.5 x 2.5)

Where do you find these products?

We purchased the majority of these items at Amazon.com, REI,  and BackCountry. We also tried to link as many of these items as we could above (including the best prices we found) for your convenience.


Are there any other items you feel like we missed? Other questions we could answer? How important is having a first aid kit to you?

Ever wondered what should be included in building your own first aid kit? Check out this comprehensive list that is perfect for camping, hiking, and traveling! www.pagesoftravel.org

*** NOTICE: We are not physicians and do not recommend self-diagnosis or treatment. We are not liable for any morbidity or mortality that results due to declining professional care and attempting treatment as denoted in this blog. Always call 911 in case of any emergency, and discuss any and all new medications (even over the counter) with your physician before taking. For more information read our disclaimer here. This post may contain affiliate links.***

31 Comments

  • Reply
    chasingaplate
    September 13, 2016 at 12:15 AM

    Such a great idea to ask your optometrist for sample contact lens solution! SO doing this next time. Really helpful post guys!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 17, 2016 at 11:02 AM

      Thanks guys! Yeah it is such a pain to have something get in your contact when you’re FOREVER away from civilization. Plus, the smaller bottle also allows you to put it in your carry on for long flights

  • Reply
    ckaway
    September 15, 2016 at 8:23 AM

    Such a comprehensive post. It’s one of those lists that you know you should put together but somehow never do. I just add things to my pack after I needed something and didn’t have it with me. Nice job putting this together – a helpful resource for travelers.

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 17, 2016 at 11:04 AM

      Thank you very much! Yeah it was the same for us, but once we put a kit together it was easier just to throw it in my backpack, instead of having to repack everything each time we go hiking.

  • Reply
    Subhadrika Sen
    September 16, 2016 at 5:18 AM

    These are some great tips for building your own first aid. I always prefer to keep a little kit with me in my baggage, knowing that im prone to anything in the world 🙂 . I usually have some band aids, an antiseptic lotion, cotton swabs , and tissues and a spare spectacles as im blind without them :P. i think now i need to keep some essential medicines as well.

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 17, 2016 at 11:05 AM

      Sounds like you definitely have a lot of the essentials! 🙂 Yeah we like to keep some medicines just in case, its especially useful when we travel abroad and might not be able to find what were looking for.

  • Reply
    Natalia
    September 17, 2016 at 3:28 AM

    It’s a very comprehensive list. Though I normally take only basic medicine and stuff with me, I will save this list as a detailed guidance for future. Thank you for sharing!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 17, 2016 at 11:06 AM

      Thank you very much! 🙂

  • Reply
    colemanconcierge
    September 17, 2016 at 3:52 AM

    Good list and great ideas. Jenn was a WFR for ski patrol so she probably can answer this better than I can. I have done a lot of hard core caving where weight, durability and self rescue were of high importance. Here are a couple of items I would add to your list depending on how light and far you need to go till rescue.
    (1) booty wipes – Not just for booties but great to have for many occasions.
    (2) emergency blanket – could be a regulation one, could be a 30 gallon trash bag but a little bit of plastic in a time of need can go a long way to fight hypothermia or what ever
    (3) duct tape – splints and bandages are all fancy and nice but you can fix it almost all of that stuff with do it all duct tape. You can also fix shoes, packs, clothes and even broken heating ducts you come across in the wilderness
    (4) super glue – You might think this is for glueing broken gear together but that is what the duct tape is for. Super glue is an army invention to glue skin back together. If you need to self rescue and can’t suture it will to in a stitch.
    (5) Iodine – It can clean that deep cut before you glue it back together and cover it with duct tape. It can also be used to purify water
    (6) heavy duty pain killers – Like above the NASID level stuff. Sometimes you have to fight through the pain to get home. These help.
    (7) Heavy duty caffeine – Sometimes you just need to get a little more gittyup
    (8) Tube of frosting – Good for hypoglycemia even if the person is in a diabetic coma. Good for moral too.
    (9) Epi pen (if possible) or oral antihistamine because allergic reactions can be really bad

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 17, 2016 at 1:10 PM

      Oh definitely have to have booty wipes! Totally forgot to put them on the list haha! Duct tape can fix pretty much anything so that is a great suggestion as well. Yeah Kallsy has an allergy so we always keep two epi pens with us when we travel.

  • Reply
    Megan Claire (@mappingmegan)
    September 17, 2016 at 9:14 AM

    Fantastic list, a first aid kit is always such an important thing to have with you when you’re traveling or hiking, especially if hiking remotely. If you’re hiking remotely in another country I would also recommend keeping a copy of your health / travel insurance policy in the first aid kit too. Only for a worst case scenario, but if you do have to be air lifted or rushed to the hospital you have it with you 🙂

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 17, 2016 at 1:11 PM

      That is a fantastic idea! Going to have to start doing that as well. Thank you for the awesome suggestion 🙂

  • Reply
    Drew
    September 17, 2016 at 1:47 PM

    A fantastic resource post. For someone is chronically unprepared for hikes, I should keep this post bookmarked. You never know what can happen, and especially when you are far from other hikers or campers, but safe than sorry, that’s for sure!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      September 21, 2016 at 1:52 PM

      Thank you! Haha I know the feeling! Its always the last thing on your mind when packing until you need it.

  • Reply
    authenticfoodquest
    September 17, 2016 at 6:14 PM

    These are great tips and suggestions for what to include in a first aid kit. Agree, no one should ever go hiking unprepared!! Fantastic and comprehensive list. Nicely done!

  • Reply
    Anne @TravelTheGlobe (@TTGLOBE4L)
    September 18, 2016 at 7:21 AM

    What a great idea! I hadnt heard of many of those items and even though I have a first aid kit, I do think it might be a little lacking after reading this. saying that we have a habit of forgetting to bring it too!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:59 PM

      We are forgetful at times too. I now keep it in my day pack so I will hopefully always remember. Glad to see that it was helpful to you! 🙂

  • Reply
    arzotravels
    September 18, 2016 at 1:22 PM

    Wow, you are so well organized. I only have band aids (and sometimes a scissor) but it seems I can learn a lot from you. Great and comprehensive list.

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:58 PM

      Thank you! It’s taken us quite a bit of time to “master” a comprehensive list but there is still more to add I’m sure. You definitely can’t go wrong with some band-aids and scissors. Those two items are essential!

  • Reply
    Lauren
    September 18, 2016 at 2:44 PM

    It definitely doesn’t hurt to be prepared! You can get pretty hurt hiking in the wilderness. Thankfully, I’ve never hurt myself more than just falling in the mud or something like that. 🙂

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:56 PM

      That’s good news Lauren! We haven’t been severely injured either except the time I twisted my knee while hiking in Colorado. Fortunately I will still able to descend and after some ice, a sports tape wrap, and a stiff drink I was back in business! 🙂 You’re right, definitely doesn’t hurt to be prepared.

  • Reply
    Mar Pages
    September 18, 2016 at 11:07 PM

    Wow, this is extensive but great! I admit that I don’t always bring around first aid with me although I know I should. Its time to go shopping, I never knew something like the quick clotting sponge existed!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:54 PM

      It is definitely extensive but of course, you can take out what you don’t think you’d use! Even a small first aid kit with antiseptic wash, band-aids, and gauze can be a huge help. We usually only take our larger first aid kit when hiking, camping, or backpacking! 🙂

  • Reply
    GeekGirlGoes
    September 19, 2016 at 7:17 AM

    This is an awesome list of essentials! As a trained first aider, it’s so nice to see more people taking care of themselves while traveling. So many people I meet don’t even have plasters (band-aids) in their bags! Let alone a proper first aid kit!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:52 PM

      Glad to see that this post is approved by someone who has been trained in first aid! I once had a buddy that used duct tape as a band-aid when he didn’t have one. Why he had duct tape but no band-aids is a mystery to me, but I guess it served it’s purpose until it ripped the skin that had clotted… Some people don’t learn! 😉

  • Reply
    Renne Simpson (@TravelLushes)
    September 20, 2016 at 9:40 AM

    I like that you included the prices for all this stuff. Very helpful 🙂 My friend got some weird rash when we were in Bali, and for the life of us, we don’t know why we didn’t come prepared with a first aid kit. Benadryl (or Diphenhydramine as you listed) should be in every first aid kit. Nice list!

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:50 PM

      One of the biggest questions we receive is “how much does this cost?” So we thought we’d make it a little easier to figure out and budget for. There have been SO many times that we completely forgot to bring a first aid kit and have had some interesting experiences without it. Glad you found it helpful! 🙂

  • Reply
    Natasa
    September 20, 2016 at 10:37 AM

    Such a great list of travelling essentials. I have also written an article about traveling essentials every traveler should bring and i am happy that i read your post and shared my knowledge. We all know these stuffs but somehow we always forgot them:)

    I would be happy if you take a look of my blog post as well:)
    http://goodfuntime.com/9-traveling-essential-must-pack-travel-abroad/

    • Reply
      loganpage
      November 7, 2016 at 9:47 PM

      Natasa, took a gander and very much agree with everything you included as travel essentials, especially appropriate and quality footwear. Thanks for the tips too!

  • Reply
    Christine
    January 21, 2017 at 7:51 AM

    What is the backpack’s type and name?

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